A Nature-Inspired Approach to Energy-Efficient Relay Selection in Low Power Wide Area Networks (LPWAN)

TytułA Nature-Inspired Approach to Energy-Efficient Relay Selection in Low Power Wide Area Networks (LPWAN)
Publication TypeJournal Article
Rok publikacji2024
AutorzyStrzoda A, Grochla K
JournalMDPI Sensors
Date Published05/2024
Słowa kluczowe2-hop, LoRa, LoRaWAN, LP WAN, Metaheuristics, Optimization, Relay-Device

Despite the ability of Low-Power Wide-Area Networks to offer extended range, they encounter challenges with coverage blind spots in the network. This article proposes an innovative energy-efficient and nature-inspired relay selection algorithm for LoRa-based LPWAN networks, serving as a solution for challenges related to poor signal range in areas with limited coverage. A swarm behavior-inspired approach is utilized to select the relays’ localization in the network, providing network energy efficiency and radio signal extension. These relays help to bridge communication gaps, significantly reducing the impact of coverage blind spots by forwarding signals from devices with poor direct connectivity with the gateway. The proposed algorithm considers critical factors for the LoRa standard, such as the Spreading Factor and device energy budget analysis. Simulation experiments validate the proposed scheme’s effectiveness in terms of energy efficiency under diverse multi-gateway (up to six gateways) network topology scenarios involving thousands of devices (1000–1500). Specifically, it is verified that the proposed approach outperforms a reference method in preventing battery depletion of the relays, which is vital for battery-powered IoT devices. Furthermore, the proposed heuristic method achieves over twice the speed of the exact method for some large-scale problems, with a negligible accuracy loss of less than 2%.


Historia zmian

Data aktualizacji: 04/07/2024 - 10:55; autor zmian: Krzysztof Grochla (kil@iitis.pl)